Smart Dental Implants: Too Clever By Half!

Researchers are working on a dental implant that can power its tissue-rejuvenating light by generating electricity from chewing and brushing. When a tooth is lost due to gum disease, decay, or an accident, dental implants are now the best alternative. They were more similar to a natural tooth and ought to last for many years.

A Smart Dental Implant

Dentures replaced with implants are used to treat millions of Americans’ periodontal disease, injuries, and tooth decay. A bridge or denture cannot be as securely fitted as an implant intended to last twenty years or longer.

Implants may need to be replaced after five or ten years since they don’t always serve their original purpose. The need for a replacement might be brought on by periodontal disease or inflammation, which compels the patient to undergo the implant procedure once more.

Characteristics of Smart Dental Implants

The implant includes two novel technologies, including a biofilm substance with nanoparticles that inhibits bacterial development. The other is a phototherapy light source that is integrated. The light is powered by action, such as tooth-brushing or chewing, and it helps the surrounding tissue’s periodontal health.

Numerous health problems can be treated using phototherapy. However, replacing or charging a battery is impractical once a biomaterial is implanted. The invention’s creators fought the primary cause of implant failure, bacteria.¬†

The implants suffer adverse effects and break down due to bacterial biofilms forming on them. The BTO nanoparticles give the implants’ surfaces a negative charge, which keeps germs away.

Utilizing Porosity to Increase Compatibility

Chewing causes perpendicular loads in addition to lateral and rotational displacements. Therefore implants must be rigid enough to endure these pressures for long-term success. When these are combined, the bone is subjected to irregular stresses that might eventually cause issues.

Inflammation is caused by non-uniform stress sites that are created by even tiny implant displacements or rotations. And when this procedure happens again, infection frequently follows. Nonuniform stresses result from an imbalance between the implant’s and the bone’s tensile strengths.

Today’s dental implants are tiny titanium posts planted into the jawbone. The surface is treated using chemical etching or laser ablation to produce pores. Osteointegration, also known as bone development around the implant wall, is made more accessible by the roughened surfaces.

Two significant consequences result from the unique porosity that we added. The implant becomes less rigid and gives better stability. By doing so, we may reduce the nonuniform stresses to a large extent and more accurately match the implant’s stiffness to the bone.

Conducting Tests

Streptococcus mutans, a key component of tooth plaque, was used in the tests the researchers conducted on the implants. The research showed that the implants reduce the growth of biofilm. The substance’s capacity to produce power remained unchanged. After much testing and time, it didn’t leech.

Additionally, it demonstrated mechanical strength while not harming the gingival tissue. According to earlier research, due to electric polarization processes, BTO may kill bacteria by producing reactive oxygen species. Since the smart dental implant requires further research and development, it will soon be on the market.

In Conclusion

Overall, dentists are getting smarter not just with technology but with informational marketing too. Researchers want to continue enhancing their “smart” dental implant system in the future by trying out other materials and maybe even designing the components so that one side promotes tissue integration near the gums.