Importance of Foot and Ankle Surgery with a Podiatrist

Each of our feet has 26 bones and over 33 joints. They are arranged in columns and arches, with different levels of stiffness and flexibility. It’s easy to see how this complex system may get into trouble.

The foot is often split into three sections, as follows

In addition to your calcaneus, or heel bone, and your ankle bone, these two bones form the hindfoot (talus). The subtalar joint, which joins the two bones at the ball and the heel, allows your foot to rotate 360 degrees.

Ankle joints are like hinges, and your tibia and fibula form your ankle bone by connecting to your talus bone. This allows your foot to move up and down in space.

  • This area is called the midfoot because there are five tarsal bones in this area. They are responsible for the arch of your foot. Interconnecting the foot’s tarsal bones to their respective dorsum and plantar surfaces is the role of the arch ligament and its accompanying muscle groups (the plantar fascia). Whether we’re walking or running, they’re there to cushion the blow.
  • In the forefoot of your foot, your toe bones, or phalanges, are located. They have joints that connect them to the metatarsal bones, which are five long bones. The joints of your toes are limited in their range of motion. Your forefoot bears the weight of half your body.
  • Tendons connect the muscles in your lower leg to the bones in your foot, and these muscles control the movement that allows us to stand, walk, balance on our toes, and jump.. Toe flexion and extension, as well as foot posture, are all controlled by the calf muscles. As a result, the stress of landing on the ground is lessened since your foot is more pliable. The arches in your feet are also strengthened as a result of walking on them, which in turn aids your body’s forward momentum.

From your heel bone to the calf muscles in your lower leg, the Achilles tendon is the most important tendon for movement. To move your heel bone, you need this connection to do so. An important part of inward foot rotation is the tibialis posterior tendon, which connects the bottom of your foot with your lower thigh. In addition to supporting your foot’s arch, this tendon also acts as a shock absorber. Choosing the podiatrist in San Marcos, CA is the best there.

Be sure whether surgery is necessary or not

The great majority of people with foot or ankle problems will not need surgery. The severity of your symptoms (both the pain and the effect it has on your life), your needs, and how you have reacted to previous treatments, such as medication, orthotics, and specialised footwear, all play a role in determining whether or not you need surgery.

You can find out whether surgery is the best option for you if you discuss your worries with your physicians and other medical personnel.


Decisions on foot and ankle surgeries are often based on lifestyle choices and doctors’ advice rather than life or death. To avoid infection and to alert your doctors to the likelihood of stress fractures, you must seek an examination for emergency surgery as soon as possible if the skin on your body is affected or if your feet are quickly deforming. You are ultimately responsible for deciding whether or not to go through with the surgery.